This book traces the implications of India’s privacy jurisprudence on socio-legal rights pertaining to gendered and sexual personhood. While the recent judgment of the Supreme Court in Justice K.S. Puttaswamy (Retd.) v Union of India has been central in clarifying the extent of (and extensions to) the right to privacy as a fundamental right, we argue that the discourse has been latent for decades prior in family case-law, policy making and gendered social movements. To highlight this little explored interconnectedness within these parallel historic discourses, we go beyond direct precedent to set up the social and judicial context within which the Puttaswamy judgment becomes especially relevant and use this to flesh out possible future ramifications for a range of rights relating to the gendered body and sexual personhood.